Strengthen proximity and multi-scalar whatsapp phone number list citizenship Industrial society generated national frameworks for class conflict management and, in this context, the social contract was forged in the space of nation states. Social whatsapp phone number list rights were built under strongly centralized institutions. But during the last decades of the 20th century , the territorial scheme began to change substantially. The quasi-monopoly of the nation-state is transformed to the benefit of a complex institutional framework and the still open whatsapp phone number list process of social restructuring in space breaks out.
The simultaneous scenarios whatsapp phone number list of Europeanization and decentralization implied a relevant change in the political geography of welfare: the old Keynesian Welfare State gave way to multi-scalar networks. It is not whatsapp phone number list a question of reproducing old hierarchical schemes, but of articulating scenarios of freely shared sovereignty, with relationships of interdependence and horizontality to address problems, manage conflicts and build agreements. A good part of the emerging challenges, from the climate emergency to organized crime, passing through the pandemic, require a leap in scale towards supra-state whatsapp phone number list spheres. And it is here, in this global world of risk, where it is time to fight for.
Europe (and for Latin American whatsapp phone number list integration). For a European Union with more governance and policy-making capacities in the face of the States and their anachronistic reluctance to cede more power; for a fully whatsapp phone number list democratic eu , whose integration revolves around civil, political and social rights; by aue to act as a political subject on the international scene and work cooperatively and horizontally with all areas of proximity. Globalization has unleashed feelings of vulnerability and the States whatsapp phone number list have tended to respond with exclusive borders and authoritarian withdrawals. In this framework, the cities have promoted the opening of the democratic gap.